Wilson wants to increase the number of contracts. Then, these contracts are coordinated in order to offer customers the best possible prices. The difficulty of interpreting the terms of lading in relation to the excluded hazards, often expressed in obscure and imprecise language, has given rise to numerous disputes, the conclusions of which are recorded in legal reports. If such difficulties arise, a debate arises about the real and natural meaning of the language used by the parties. The terms of the contract must always be considered with reference to these rules, based on the established practices of traders legally recognized and formulated. [3] These standards, whether customary or legal, which govern the obligations of carriers of goods at sea, are of paramount importance in cases where there is an additional regime without written agreement. It is therefore appropriate to examine the first such cases in which no explicit oral or written agreement is concluded, except as regards the cargo and the place of destination of the goods, and, consequently, where the rights and obligations of the parties with regard to all other conditions of carriage depend entirely on the legal provisions, always taking into account: that the same rules apply when there is a written contract. unless they are limited or denied by the terms of the contract. [1] Some textbooks still quote charters with this term. However, charters are reserved for a designated vessel that is making one or more voyages or that is leased, leased or leased for a given period. In the event of a contract that generally provides for the carriage of a significant volume of cargo over a specified period of time between designated ports or regions, the designated ship may not be able to carry the cargo by the required number of successive journeys. If the ship could make successive trips, it would most likely have to return in the lt to the point of loading, which would increase the cargo that the owner would have to charge to obtain an acceptable return on its investment.

As a general rule, the circumstances of an AOC are such that timely acceptance of the designated vessel is essential for the parties to know where they are. The COA rarely explicitly states that the timely adoption of the appointment is essential. However, prior review of such a provision by owners can be beneficial, especially when ships are in high demand and cost-effective. A flagrant breach of a condition by the charterer allows the owners to quickly and safely fix the vessel on another contract. A party to the charter for a voyage is a formal agreement between the shipowner and the charterers, by which they agree that the ship shall carry a particular cargo at a given location – and the ship, once loaded, shall travel directly to a particular place or to a place to be designated in a given port of call. [3] where the cargo is delivered. However, under the contract of carriage, the owner of the cargo is entitled to the ordinary service of the ship and crew for the safe transport of the cargo to their destination and the shipowner is obliged to bear all the ordinary costs of the voyage. It must also bear all losses caused by accidental damage to the ship. However, if the shipowner has to bear exceptional costs for the safety of the cargo, he may recover the costs from the owner of the cargo as a special charge for the cargo. .

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