However, as things stand, it will take more than 33 days for Friday`s announcement to culminate in a good faith peace agreement. A joint statement by the governments of Israel, Sudan and the United States stated that “the heads of state and government have agreed to normalize relations between Sudan and Israel and end the state of war between their nations”[25] and stated, “In addition, the leaders have agreed to establish economic and trade relations with an emphasis on agriculture.” The statement also proposed the possibility of further meetings and agreements: “The Heads of State and Government also agreed that delegations would meet in the coming weeks to negotiate cooperation agreements in these areas, in the areas of agricultural technology, aviation, immigration and other areas for the benefit of both peoples.” [22] Donald Trump sealed the agreement on Friday in a telephone conversation with Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, his Sudanese counterpart Abdalla Hamdok and Abdel Fattah al-Burhan, head of Sudan`s Sovereign Council. In announcing an agreement on mutual recognition and normalization of relations between Sudan and Israel on 23 October, the White House successfully concluded a multi-party multi-party agreement that had been the subject of intense negotiations for more than a year. The main trigger for this breakthrough was the Trump administration`s decision to dislodge Sudan as a national sponsor of terrorism, a name the country had held since 1993. Faced with the severe economic crisis in Sudan, the authorities, who overthrew the dictatorship of General Omar al-Bashir and came to power in April 2019, have desperately tried to end U.S. sanctions, attract investment and open up prospects for debt repayment of about $60 billion. On Saturday, Mr. Netanyahu announced that an Israeli delegation would visit Khartoum “in the coming days” to finalize the agreements. The new agreement was negotiated on the U.S. side by a team of Trump`s son-in-law and high-ranking adviser, Jared Kushner, who called the standardization agreements a “paradigm shift” in the Middle East.

U.S. President Donald Trump, who sought re-election on November 3, sealed the deal in a telephone conversation with Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Sudanese Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok and Transitional Council chief Abdel Fattah al-Burhan, senior U.S. officials said. The agreement between Israel and Sudan, announced on Friday, was a historic step forward, but the road to a formal peace treaty and the establishment of full diplomatic relations could be further complicated and time-consuming. Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said the agreement was a “dramatic breakthrough for peace” and the beginning of a “new era.” The two countries then quickly ratified their respective agreements with Israel. WASHINGTON – A pioneering agreement between Sudan and Israel on normalizing relations is likely to dissolve just over a month after President Trump`s announcement reveals a flaw in Middle East peace agreements that he and Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu have tried to cement as foreign policy broadcast rights. In addition to continued pressure from the United States to link terrorist delisting to pacifist movements towards Israel, the preliminary negotiations have benefited from promises of encouragement and financial assistance from the United Arab Emirates and Saudi Arabia, as well as tacit support from Sudan`s neighbour Egypt. Khartoum`s decision could also accelerate similar efforts to normalize other Arab countries, although this progress is likely to be more gradual than the “Big Splash” peace agreements with the VaE and Bahrain.