It is clear that in the liberalisation of Saarland, there has been a very cautious approach to the liberalisation of trade in services and that the region falls well short of the “early conclusion of negotiations” of the 2010 Saarc Declaration. The small Member States of South Asia seem to think that the regulatory and institutional framework should be present before launching the liberalisation of services, and therefore a cautious approach to liberalisation is needed. Such perceptions are not necessarily correct, as it is the liberalization of services that most often triggers reforms on the regulatory and institutional side, and these reforms do not take place in most countries without such liberalization. · The 10-year timetable for trade liberalization, which aims to reduce and eliminate tariffs on cross-border trade. In fact, it was the year as ASAC was founded in Dhaka, which was originally launched by Bangladesh`s President Zia. I am very grateful to the university administration for the friendly invitation and excellent hospitality, as well as to the XPD department of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs for organizing this interaction. I am pleased that we are discussing SAARC and its relevance and future with India as an engine of success. This is a very important issue that concerns a very important and strategic region in the world. In the past two years, several changes have had an impact on the well-being of the region in the past two years. I would like to talk about the birth of ASARC, its successes and failures, the main restrictions on further integration and the external factors that hinder its growth and viability as a prosperous regional group, while highlighting the impact of India, China and Pakistan on their growth or absence.

South Asia, although often defined in bulk, includes a small island like the Maldives to India a country of continental dimensions. Its short political and independent history, six or seven decades old, has seen the astonishing functioning of India`s largest democracy for the kingdoms of Bhutan and Nepal in political upheaval through frequent coups in some of the group`s countries, as well as the resurgence of democratic communism in Nepal. In addition, two of the major countries have nuclear capabilities, reinforced by the Already nuclear Chinese in their larger neighbourhood, which seek to maintain their stylized balance by a single alternate by Pakistan. In particular, almost all countries have suffered from extremism and terrorism and have often been exported from outside and across borders, although some have become safe havens for terrorist groups and camps, as part of their tacit policy to serve their unsustainable short-term foreign policy objectives and objectives. The prevalence of poverty, governance issues, underdevelopment and deep socio-political divisions, and occasional territorial disputes in and between countries in the region have been the main challenges facing leaders. Given its geopolitical and geostrategic situation, with much-needed maritime trade routes in the Indian Ocean and Arabian Sea, countries have fought or had problems, or have had wars and proxy conflicts through and sometimes for cold war opponents during the decades when efforts have been made to stem the futuristic results of new powers , such as China and India.