Daraa is therefore a region that experienced relative calm after the reconciliation agreement that led to the temporary return of a large part of the local population. However, it quickly turned into another large territory of eviction where people fled, this time permanently. So far, the transfer process has secured the territories conquered by the regime. But these short-term gains are likely to undermine Syria`s stability unless this process opens up essential steps to achieve its officially proclaimed goal of reconciliation. · The model of “reconciliation” with Russian guarantees applied in southern Syria has not reached the lowest level of stability and has not provided the minimum of public services needed to live. Instead, this has led to a new military escalation of the region, which is almost daily liquidated and in conflict. With the start of the popular uprising in March 2011, the regime reduced its services to the government as a means of collectively punishing opponents of the regime. Solidarity between the family and the clan was, together with agriculture, the means of survival and resistance, with people pooling resources and sharing them to meet the daily needs of most households. More than 100 civil organizations worked during the opposition control period and contributed to the delivery of public services. [4] Thus, people survived before the reconciliation agreement, which, on paper, was to return to normal. The reconciliation agreement in Daraa resulted from rounds of negotiations between the notables and opposition groups in Daraa, the most prominent of the “Sunni Youth” group led by General Ahmed Al-Awda and the Assad regime, represented by the military area of operations in the south, and the presence of generals from the Russian base of Hmeimim.

Most AOG members remained in the region; A few dozen people refused the agreement and fled north. It is mainly due to allegations of a ceasefire and the opening of reconciliation negotiations by local authorities or representatives of the illegal armed forces. After the reconciliation agreement, the people of Daraa, especially those who have recently returned, began to animate their previous work, such as agricultural work and transport.