The 1998 ILO Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Workplace Rights reaffirms the importance of effective recognition of the right to collective right. In addition, voluntary bargaining of collective agreements is a fundamental aspect of freedom of association, which involves the obligation to negotiate in good faith the maintenance of harmonious labour relations. Employers and unions should negotiate in good faith and do everything in their power to reach an agreement; Genuine and constructive negotiations are a necessary element in establishing and maintaining a relationship of trust between the parties. The Swedish Association of Industrialists is bound by thirteen collective agreements. Seven of them are employment contracts. The Industrial Workers` Union Metall is the opponent in five agreements, Pappers (The Swedish Paper Workers Union), GS (Swedish Union of Forestry Workers, Wood and Graphic Designers) in one and SEKO (Union of Service and Communication Employees) in two. The Swedish Association of Industrialists is also bound by four collective agreements for employees. The counterparties to this agreement are the employee unions Ledarna (the Swedish organisation for managers), Unionen and Sveriges Ingenjurer (Swedish Federation of Graduate Engineers). In addition, the Swedish Association of Industrial Employers` Organisations is bound by a collective agreement that includes both blue-collar and white-collar counterparties that exist in the same agreement with Pappers (The Swedish Paper Workers Union) as a worker`s equivalent. Question: Do companies have a responsibility to promote or respect collective bargaining with respect to the principle of “promoting collective bargaining”? To what extent should a company be proactive in promoting the principle? Is it sufficient to negotiate collective agreements when workers demand it? or should a company also encourage collective bargaining between its employees and in its supply chain? Answer: Yes. Collective bargaining focuses on the definition of working conditions, including restructuring. The specific terms of each collective agreement are the responsibility of the negotiating parties. It is customary to include provisions in the debate relating to consultation procedures, the provision of information and the participation of workers and their representatives when a company is considering changes that could affect workers, their conditions of employment or their employment in general.
Question: Is there an ILO convention on whether the union`s rights remain in force under a collective agreement for a period in which a business is concluded, sold or privatized? A collective agreement is a written contract between an employer and a union representing workers. The KBA is the result of a broad negotiation process between the parties on issues such as wages, hours and terms of employment.